Irrigation involves controlling water that is used in plants during different time intervals and is used to maintaining landscape. Irrigation is used to prevent soil consolidation and helps in the growth of agricultural crops. Irrigation is used in supplying water in the garden to all crops without exceeding the water to the crops or limiting the water but in a uniform way. Different impacts of irrigation affects the environment and these impacts are used in order to minimize the bad results which affects the progress of the environment.
During dry season when there is no rain in many regions that are found in the country irrigation become very popular. In order to ensure that you become a successful farmer one should choose the type 0f irrigation that he or she should use during agricultural grow crops since irrigation plays a vital role in this part. Various method of irrigation are used and they usually depend on the amount of water that is supplied to the plants.
One of the most used method and is a modern type of irrigation is sprinkler irrigation and this type of irrigation uses sprinklers to spray water like rain in form of tiny drops. Spray and sprinkling are some of the devices which are mostly used in this type of irrigation and these devices may be installed permanently in a certain place which is solid or set in a place which is temporarily. After a given amount of water has been applied to the crop these devices are moved in a portable set or moved in an intermittent mechanical move.
In order to ensure a continuous travel of water across the land surface, these devices are set in such a way that they can be mounted on booms and pipelines. In areas where the topography is uneven and there is shallow soil texture sprinkler irrigation is the best method of irrigation to adapt. In areas where there is high density and the crops are closely cultivated sprinkler irrigation should be adapted.
Another method of irrigation which is applied beneath the soil surface is subsurface irrigation and this type of irrigation usually relies on the depth of the water table. In case the water table is below the surface some devices such as trickle or drip are used and they are buried below the soil surface.
Another type of irrigation is drip or trickle irrigation and water in this type of irrigation is applied through emitters to the soil surface using small drops or streams. The discharge rate of the emitters is very low and therefore this method of irrigation can be applied in different types of soil. In areas where people want to control the amount of water and there are intervals which are applied in plant root zone, trickle or drip irrigation is the best method which should be adapted.