There are many exact sciences but gardening is not one of them. Even seasoned gardeners make errors, so if you’re a neophyte, you need not be afraid. Here are tips to help you get started in the right direction:
Observe and take notes.
This is very basic yet effective advice for all beginners: closely observe the area you intend to use. What is its size? How windy is it on a regular day, and which direction the wind go? Is it sunny or shady? Which parts get the most sun and for how long? Which parts get the most shade and for how long? How do you think should you water the garden? Can you use rainwater? What is the soil’s pH level, or the pH levels of each nutrient in it? How can you maximize the benefits offered by the space? How hot does it usually get in your area?
Write down these questions and answer them with the best of your ability. As soon as you’ve figured out these crucial details, your chances of success as a gardener will automatically increase.
Invest in your soil.
Soil that is rich in nutrients is healthy, and healthy soil is the secret to a productive vegetable garden. And to make plants draw the most nutrients and water, they need to do it from the depths of soil through raised bed gardening. This shape will even let you maximize the benefits of your space, as well as well as increase your yields substantially.
Design and plan your garden well.
Analyze your plants’ needs and try to plant them in the most efficient way. For example, if you want to add plants that climb on support, set up a trellis or grilles.
Start with local plants.
Locally grown plants are the best for newbies to start with, because growing them is a lot easier. Unlike exotic vegetables, which are very high maintenance, local vegetables are undemanding and will grow in nearly every soil type there is.
Water the right way.
Watering the right way gives your yield a boost and helps you avoid a lot of pests and diseases. The most efficient way of irrigating plants in a garden is with the use of soaker hoses and drip lines, because they bring water right where it is necessary and gives time for roots to draw it in.
Be careful with pesticides.
Chemical pesticides are highly toxic even to beneficial insects and polinators, so avoid them completely. Instead, mix and match different natural ingredients and see which combinations work the most. Some examples of natural pesticides include turmeric, chilies, insecticidal soaps and neem.
Go easy on the fertilizers.
Most newbies think that the more fertilizers they apply, the better. This is farthest from the truth. With overfertilization, a plant’s roots can actually die. Have your soil tested to know which nutrients you should add and how much.